Ending the Israeli-Palestinian conflict will require drawing a border between Israel and a new state of Palestine. The challenge is to find a comprehensive solution that addresses the needs of each side. So what are the principles, values, and considerations that drive Israelis and Palestinians when they come to the negotiating table?The Palestinians consider the land in question as their historic home. Due to wars and partition plans over the past 75 years, they have watched their portion of land dwindle down to a mere fraction of what they believe they are entitled to. In 1988, the Palestinians officially relinquished their demand for a state compromised of 100% of historical Palestine. Viewed by them as their “historic compromise”, Palestinians are willing to accept a state within the 1967 lines – 22% of what they originally wanted. The Palestinians will not accept anything less than all of their 22% because a state created based on the 1967 lines is seen as a compromise on top of the initial compromise.
Israelis also claim a right to the entirety of the land between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea. They do not view the 1967 lines as a legitimate foundation for borders, like the Palestinians do. In contrast, they see the 1967 lines as arbitrary armistice lines that mark where the Israeli and Arab forces stopped fighting in 1949. The main consideration for Israelis regarding borders is demographic realities on the ground. In total, there are half a million Israelis that live beyond the 1967 lines, a population too vast for the government to realistically evacuate. The driving concern for Israelis is that if there are going to be two states, borders adjacent to a future Palestine must include the vast majority of Israelis who live beyond the 1967 lines.Now the challenge is clear: To draw a border that, on the one hand, allows the Palestinians 100% of their 22%, and on the other hand, includes within Israel’s new borders, the majority of the half-million Israelis who currently live in the West Bank. Is it possible? Watch the video or download the presentation to learn more and draw your own conclusions.